Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) that lies between a tendon and skin or between a tendon and bone. Bursae help to assist with movement and reduce friction between moving parts (joints).

Bursitis can be caused by chronic overuse, trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, gout or infection however sometimes the cause cannot be determined. Sites for common inflammation flare-ups are the shoulder, knee, elbow and hip but the heel tendon (Achilles) and the foot can also experience pain.


  • Joint pain and tenderness when you press the joint
  • Stiffness when you move the affected joint
  • Swelling that may or may not include warmth and redness around the joint.


Fortunately, there are multiple options for the treatment of bursitis and a physician may recommend:

  • Rest or immobilization of the affected area
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen, to relieve pain and inflammation
  • Physical therapy
  • Fluid withdrawal from the bursa
  • Corticosteroids injections
  • Antibiotics