Perennial Rhinitis (Chronic)

Several conditions can cause an inflammation of the lining of the nose. This group of conditions is collectively called rhinitis.

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Symptoms

While each condition may have different causes, they all cause similar symptoms, including:

  • Runny nose
  • Blocked or clogged nose
  • Sneezing
  • Itchy nose
  • Post-nasal drip or phlegm

Some people suffer from rhinitis only in the spring and summer time. This type of rhinitis is called hay fever or seasonal allergic rhinitis. Those who suffer from rhinitis all year round are said to have perennial rhinitis, although symptoms can vary.

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Diagnosis

Individuals with perennial rhinitis may believe that they catch frequent colds, one after the other. Diagnosing perennial rhinitis can be difficult, since a cold is a form of a viral rhinitis.  Both perennial and viral rhinitis share the same symptoms.

Allergies may also cause rhinitis. Therefore, a skin prick test is performed to determine if rhinitis is caused by an allergy, such as to cats, dogs, certain foods, fungal spores or dust mites.

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Treatments

If an allergen is found to be causing rhinitis, the most common first treatment is to avoid that allergen. A dietitian may be consulted if the allergy is to certain foods. Rinsing out the nasal passages with nasal sprays or solutions also can help rhinitis symptoms.