Early symptoms of pulmonary hypertension are often mistaken for being out of shape, such as:
- Shortness of breath when active
- Tiring easily
- Chest pain like angina
- Achy joints
Patients who have an underlying cause for the condition may have coughing and wheezing.
When the heart has been damaged by the condition, a person may have swelling in their legs.
Causes and Risk Factors
Pulmonary hypertension has no known cause in most cases. Women are twice as likely as men to develop pulmonary hypertension. Half of people with the disease are diagnosed after age 35.
Other lung conditions may cause pulmonary hypertension. Diseases that interfere with the flow of blood in the lungs or the amount of oxygen that gets into the blood may cause pulmonary hypertension. Diseases that are sometimes linked with pulmonary hypertension include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis or occupational lung diseases.
Other causes can include: