Causes and Risk Factors
While the causes of ureter stones are unknown, individuals with a family history are more likely to be at risk. Certain metabolic disorders are also associated with the formation of stones, as are cystic kidney diseases and urinary tract infections.
People who suffer from chronic bowel inflammation may also be susceptible to ureter stones. Intestinal bypass operations or an ostomy surgery (surgically created openings in the body for the discharge of waste) may also contribute to the onset of the condition. In such cases, it may be recommended to limit foods with high oxalate content, including beets, wheat germ, soybean crackers, peanuts, chocolate, sweet potatoes, spinach, rhubarb, okra, or black Indian tea. Substitutions may include red raspberries, strawberries, marmalade, liver, celery, grapes, and grits.
Symptoms of Ureter Stones
If a ureter stone is small, it will cause no symptoms. If it is large enough to become an obstruction, it will block the flow of urine and become extremely painful, accompanied by cramping in the kidney area and lower abdomen, which may later spread to the groin. As the body attempts to expel the stone, urine may appear pink from blood, urination may be more frequent, painful, and cause burning. Accompanying fever and chills indicate the presence of infection.