The main symptom of ABF is coughing up blood or bloodstained mucus from the lungs, a condition known as hemoptysis. Other symptoms of the condition include:
- A mass near the aorta
- Back pain
- Chest pain
The main symptom that can cause the most harm, and even death, is hemoptysis. Without immediate medical treatment the patient may suffocate due to blood filling up the lungs.
Causes and Risk Factors
This rare condition is most often the result of previous surgical graft treatment for aortic coarctation or a chronic aortic aneurysm. It is fatal if left untreated.