Here are the signs of breast cancer:
- Lump or thickening that doesn't go away or that changes
- Swelling, puckering or dimpling of the breast
- Skin irritation
- Pain or tenderness of the nipple
- Bloody nipple discharge
Causes and Risk Factors
- Being female
- Over age 50 (75 percent of cases)
- Women whose mothers or sisters had breast cancer
- Women who have never borne children
- Women who bore their first child after age 30
- Women with inherited mutation
Recent research shows that certain genes such as BRCA1 appear to be genetically linked to a higher risk of breast cancer. Mutations or changes of the BRCA1 gene increase the chances of getting breast cancer from 60 to 85 percent. Genetic screening can help a woman find out if she has the gene.
What causes or prevents breast cancer is unknown. The best thing you can do is find the disease and get treated at the earliest stage.