Symptoms of a generalized seizure can vary depending on the type of seizure. Symptoms may include:
- Stiff muscles
- Loss of consciousness
- A cry or groan
- Jerking of the arms or legs
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
- Limited or even stopped breathing
- Blue lips
- Loss of muscle tone
- Sudden collapse
Most generalized seizures typically last between one to three minutes. Tonic-clonic seizures can last up to five minutes and may need emergency medical attention.
Causes and Risk Factors
Many generalized seizures are caused by epilepsy.
Other conditions may also cause these seizures, such as:
- Serious head injury
- Brain tumor
- Brain infection (meningitis or encephalitis)
- Alzheimer's disease
- Loss of oxygen at birth
- Hardening of the brain's arteries
Patients with a family history of epilepsy or seizures may be at a higher risk. Although experts are not sure how the disease is passed from parent to child.