An aortic rupture occurs after there is trauma to the aorta such as that from a motor vehicle accident or a penetrating injury. This can make diagnosis difficult because the patient often has multiple traumatic injuries with symptoms that may mask the ruptured aorta. In most cases the condition is not discovered until CT scans or other imaging tests are performed.
When present, symptoms of an aortic rupture may include:
- Severe chest pain
- Severe back pain
- Severe abdominal pain
- Signs of external chest injury
Causes and Risk Factors
The condition is caused by trauma to the aorta. Participating in certain activities or lifestyle choices could increase the risk of experiencing traumatic aortic transection. In rare cases, aortic surgery may be associated with aortic rupture.