Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria: HB3 Study (Healthy Babies Before Birth)

Inclusion Criteria

  • Primip and multiparous women between eight and 16 weeks gestation
  • Between 18 and 45 years old
  • Willing and able to participate and sign informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

  • Evidence of current substance abuse
  • Currently smoking as evidenced by either maternal admission or positive cotinine screen
  • HIV-positive status
  • Patients with immunologic or endocrinologic disease (lupus, rheumatoid disease, pregestational diabetes, etc.)
  • Multiple gestations
  • Homeless
  • On methadone program
  • History of psychosis

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