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Scoliosis is a condition in which the curves of the spine are abnormal. This causes the body to twist and undergo strain. In addition, it can cause pressure on the organs of the chest and abdomen as they fit around the curves of the spine.
At the Cedars-Sinai Spine Center, surgeons use advanced techniques to reposition the spine into a more normal shape.
To realign a spine with scoliosis, special titanium screws are strategically placed in the pedicles of vertebrae that do not line up properly. A titanium rod is custom shaped to the correct spinal curve and inserted through the screw heads.
In minimally invasive scoliosis surgery, the rods and screws are inserted through small incisions and nicks in the skin, using guidance systems for safety and accuracy.
Using special grippers, the rod is rotated 90 degrees to align the spine into the correct curve.
The screw heads are tightened to hold the rod in place. A second reinforcing rod is added to the other side of the spine to stabilize and complete the procedure.
By combining technological advances and performing procedures in stages, minimally invasive surgeons are able to achieve the same repairs and reconstructions that once required long incisions and extended periods of recuperation.